You may read about the latest 4th generation rapid test Alere produces, here is some information about it.
Alere HIV Combo is a latest 4th generation HIV Test also known as HIV P24 Antigen Test.
It detects :
a) p24 antigen (Ag)
b) Antibodies (Ab) to HIV Type 1 and Type 2 (
The Benefit of this Alere HIV Combo test is it also test for HIV Antigen And Antibody Test.
How soon can p24 antigen be detected?
- This Alere HIV 4th generation hiv test accuracy is 100%
- Rapid, accurate result in just 20 minutes
- Easy to use – requires minimal training and no expensive lab equipment
- It detects more acute infections compared to 2nd and 3rd generation tests which helps close the window period and enables increased case finding at a time when individuals are highly infectious
What’s the difference between 4th and 3rd gen test kits?
Fourth-generation tests kits look for both antibodies AND antigens.
- P24 Antigens are proteins on the surface of the HIV particle.
- Antibodies are produced by the immune system in response to the HIV antigens. They fit together like a lock and key.
3rd generation tests take 6-8 weeks and only tests for antibodies.
4th generation tests are accurate 14 days after exposure, because this is when the p24 antigen becomes high enough to measure; effectively reducing the window period by average of 14 days.
A negative result at 28 days is good news but it is not conclusive. UK guidelines (BASHH) say that an early negative result at 28 days (1 month) needs to be confirmed with a second test 90 days (3 months) after the exposure.
Therefore, p24 antigen test window period is 14 days.
For more interpretation of results, watch this video below